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Emotional intelligence: How to talk to kids about feelings

This article is so important. How to talk to kids about feelings isn’t something that we are ever taught as parents. Strangely though, it is one of the hardest things that we have to do. It boggles my mind that we don’t have more support and help around something so critical to our, and our children’s wellbeing.

With this in mind, we have a guest article today from Molly Potter to give us advice on this very topic. It isn’t the complete answer, though it IS a wonderful place to start.

We have also included a checklist to download about this topic as well – so you can check in with yourself to see if you are doing these things with your kids.

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So, where do we start with this feelings malarky 😂

Put emotions on the agenda

In a world that prioritises rational thinking, emotions are often overlooked despite the fact they are a huge part of being human and can have powerful effects! Ignoring emotions does not make them go away. Talking about emotions with children helps to increase their awareness of them which in turn can start their journey towards managing them more effectively.

School home-time (for teachers) or bedtime at home (for parents/carers) is a great time to do an emotional review or ‘check-in’ of that day. You could use Molly’s books: How Are You Feeling Today?, How are You Feeling Now? and It’s OK to Cry to remind you to explore the emotions of each day.

Posters displaying several different emotions on a wall, such as our feelings poster, can be used in a similar way. You could ask children to think of something that happened that day and how it made them feel or you could choose an emotion and ask children if they felt that particular emotion at any point.

Increasing children’s emotion vocabulary also helps them to discuss how they feel and become more aware of their emotions. Start very young children with happy and sad, then add scared and angry and then move on to further ways of feeling – of which there are many!

A person's palm is holding a pink heart-shaped candy with the word "FEELINGS" stamped on it, illuminated by natural light near a window.

Another helpful way of putting emotions on the agenda is to regularly wonder out loud about what a child might be feeling. For example, ‘I wonder if you’re feeling disappointed because…’ Don’t worry if you get it wrong, the child will soon correct you!

React to your child’s emotions with acceptance

As emotions are a big part of who we are, you can help children feel even more cared about by accepting that all of their emotions are valid, showing that you tolerate what they are feeling and understanding that their feelings have real meaning for them. You can do this by using phrases like, ‘I understand that you feel angry, I would feel angry too’ or ‘I can see you are disappointed.’ Acknowledging children’s emotions like this can also go a long way to helping them feel better about any situation. It works with adults too!

It’s also beneficial to never refer to emotions as ‘good’ or ‘bad’. Use enjoyable and unenjoyable or comfortable and uncomfortable instead. The reason for this is that if a child receives the message that an emotion is bad, they won’t just experience the emotion, they will also feel some shame for feeling it. Likewise, if feeling happy is labelled as ‘good’, a child will feel ‘bad’ for not appearing to be happy all the time – which is impossible!

How to talk to kids about feelings start with role-modelling talking about emotions

If you find a child struggles to talk about how they feel, share some of your experiences of the day and which emotions they triggered in you. You could draw your day as a timeline and label the different events and how they made you feel along that timeline.

Another useful way to role-model talking about emotions is to use I messages. I messages are where you state, ‘I felt X when Y happened.’ This helps prevent children from blaming other people for how they feel and helps them realise emotions are their responsibility to manage. Instead of saying ‘you made me angry.’ they would say, ‘I felt angry when…’

The image shows printed cards with red text scattered on a wooden floor. The visible card reads "DO AS I SAY, NOT AS I DO."

Discuss an emotion at a time

To help children develop a deeper understanding of emotions, you could explore many aspects of one emotion at a time. For example, if you were considering anger, you could think about the physical symptoms of anger, whether it’s enjoyable or unenjoyable, the kind of things that trigger anger (and how this can be different for different people), how being angry can affect your thinking, what anger might make you feel like doing and what might be the best ways of dealing with this emotion. You could create a poster including all the things you talked about.

Emotions that can be interesting to explore this way include feeling: happy, sad, angry, scared, shy, worried, bored, grumpy, excited, jealous, lonely, guilty, disappointed, surprised etc. Such conversations can give you interesting insights into children’s inner worlds!

A person stands in a desert with a paper bag on their head, depicting a frown, set against a backdrop of clear skies and mountains.

Use emotions to problem solve

Looking for the emotions behind what a child is saying can be a great way to open up problem-solving conversations. If a child says, ‘I had nobody to play with at lunch time,’ instead of dismissing the child’s concerns, offering advice or organising a playmate immediately, try expressing what you think the child is feeling. For example, ‘You must have felt lonely and left out.’ Commenting in this way gives the child an opportunity to talk about how they felt and what happened so they feel really listened to. This discussion will help them feel better and it might also help them work out what they are going to do about the situation.

A person's hand holds a Rubik's cube with the phrase "FIGURE IT OUT" displayed across the red squares, against a blurred blue background.

Helping children problem solve helps them trust they can sort some things out for themselves and increases their self-reliance. In the long run, this will help a child believe they can cope and this results in them feeling less anxious.

Checklist for talking about emotions with children

In order to help – we have a checklist for you to think about when talking to kids about their feelings. You can download it using the button below, or the image. We have also given you the expanded details in the article below as well:

Here are the items that it is worth thinking about when you help your children to understand those emotions:

The image is an infographic titled "How to talk to your kids About feelings," featuring strategies such as "Emotionally check-in" and "Show empathy." © KiddyCharts 2023.
  • Emotionally check-in: Do a regular emotion check-in with children. Use books or posters to talk about the emotions they experienced that day,
  • Mind your language around the emotions: Refer to different emotions as enjoyable or unenjoyable, comfortable or uncomfortable (and never ‘good’ or ‘bad’),
  • Expand emotional vocabulary: Increase children’s emotion vocabulary by introducing new emotion words regularly (and possibly adding them to a poster on the wall),
  • Role-model your feelings: Help children become used to talking about emotions by role-modelling describing your own day and how you felt at each of the events that happened,
  • Accept your child’s feelings: Always accept and validate children’s emotions. Even if they seem exaggerated to you, they are very real for them,
  • Show empathy: When you see a child having an emotional response, use ‘I wonder if you’re feeling X because….’ to increase their awareness of emotions and help them feel you care,
  • Talk about the body too: Explore the physical symptoms of feeling different emotions. For example, where you feel it in the body, how you speak, what your heartbeat does, the expression on your face etc.,
  • Explore triggers: Consider what triggers different emotions and how these triggers can be different for different people i.e. what makes one person angry, doesn’t necessarily make everyone angry,
  • Understand the link between emotions and actions: Talk about how emotions affect what we think. What kind of thoughts does the sad, angry, excited, worried etc. brain have?
  • Incorporate problem solving: Listen out for what a child might be feeling behind what they are saying to open up conversations that will help them sort out some situations for themselves.

Check out some of our other feelings resources

We hope that you have found this a helpful article – if you have, do check out our weekly newsletter:

You can also see some of the other resources on the site:

Here are some other ideas to help children to understand and cope with their feelings and emotions.

Alongside the books that Molly has written to support kids:

There are also other ideas from fellow parenting sites too:

More feelings resources from the web

Here are some great resources and activities centered around feelings for children.

Thanks for coming to see us again today, and we really hope you will come back and see us again soon.

Helen
The image features a flyer titled "How to talk to your kids About feelings" and suggests visiting a website to learn more and download a free checklist.

Helen is a mum to two, social media consultant, and website editor; and this site is (we think) the only Social Enterprise parenting magazine! Since giving up being a business analyst when juggling travel, work and kids proved too complicated, she founded KiddyCharts so she could be with her kids, and use those grey cells at the same time. KiddyCharts has reach of over 1.1million across social and the site. The blog works with big family brands (including travel) to help promote their services, as well as offering free resources to parents of kids under 10. It gives 51%+ profits to Reverence for Life, who fund a number of important initiatives in Africa, including bringing running water and basic equipment to a school in Tanzania. Helen has worked as a digital marketing consultant (IDM qualified) with various organisations, including Channel Mum, Truprint, Talk to Mums, and Micro Scooters. She loves to be creative in the brand campaigns she works on. Get in touch TODAY!

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